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2 Legitimate Lupus Treatment Options

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Lupus treatment

Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that can damage any body part. The body's immune system attacks healthy tissue, causing inflammation and tissue damage. This disease can affect the skin, joints, kidneys, heart, lungs, blood vessels, and brain. There is no cure, but treatments can help manage the symptoms and reduce flares. With proper treatment, most people can live a full and active life.

Causes of Lupus 

Autoimmune diseases occur when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and damages healthy tissue. In the case of lupus, the immune system produces antibodies that attack healthy tissues in different parts of the body. Scientists believe that genetic, environmental, and hormonal factors may be involved.

There is no single known cause of this. However, several risk factors may increase the chance of developing the disease, including:

- Family history: Having a close relative with the disease increases a person's risk of developing it.

- Gender: It is more common in women than men, with women of childbearing age being most at risk.

Lupus treatment

- Ethnicity: Lupus is more common in certain ethnic groups, including African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Asians, Native Americans, and Pacific Islanders.

- Environmental factors: Exposure to specific environmental triggers, such as sunlight, ultraviolet light, and certain drugs, may increase the risk of developing the disease.

- Hormonal factors: Changes in hormone levels, such as during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, may play a role in developing it.

Lupus is a complex disease, and it is not known why some people develop it while others do not. However, these risk factors may increase the chance of developing the disease. If an individual has any of these risk factors, it does not mean that they will get it. Many people with the condition do not have any known risk factors. Likewise, having no known risk factor does not mean that they will never develop it.

Lupus Symptoms 

This disease can cause a wide range of symptoms. Some people with lupus have only a few symptoms, while others have many. The symptoms can also vary in severity. They may be mild, moderate, or severe. Some people experience flares, periods when the disease is active, and painful symptoms. Outbursts may be followed by periods of remission when the condition is less active and symptoms are mild.

Lupus treatment
  • Fatigue: Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms. Fatigue can be mild, moderate, or severe. It may come and go, or it may be constant. Lupus-related fatigue is different from everyday fatigue. It refers to feeling tired to the bone. It can be debilitating and make it hard to function daily.
  • Joint Pain: Joint pain is a common symptom too. Lupus can cause joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. The joints most often affected are the knees, hips, hands, and wrists. It can also cause inflammation of the joints (arthritis) and connective tissues. This inflammation can lead to deformities and permanent joint damage if left untreated.
  • Skin Rashes: The disease can cause a wide range of skin rashes. The most common is a butterfly-shaped rash that appears on the face. This rash is often due to sunlight. It can also cause other types of rashes, including discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE), subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). DLE is characterized by round, scaly patches on the skin. SCLE is characterized by red, itchy, scaly patches on the skin. Systemic lupus erythematosus is a more severe form of the disease that can cause many skin rashes, including butterfly-shaped inflammation.
  • Hair Loss: Hair loss is a common symptom. The condition can cause hair loss on the scalp, face, and body. It can also cause alopecia, a type of hair loss that results in baldness.
  • Kidney Problems: It can cause kidney problems, including inflammation of the kidneys (nephritis) and kidney failure. Lupus nephritis is a severe complication that can lead to kidney damage and kidney failure. Kidney failure can be fatal if left untreated.

Lupus Treatment 

There is no cure, but lupus treatment can help manage the symptoms and prevent flares. The most common treatments for lupus are anti-inflammatory medications, such as corticosteroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Other common treatments include immunosuppressive medications, such as methotrexate and cyclophosphamide.

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